Visual Perceptual Therapy- How to Improve Visual Perception Skills in Children?

Visual perception skills are essential for a child’s learning and development. These skills enable children to understand and interpret what they see, which is crucial for their academic success, particularly in reading, writing, and mathematics. However, some children may struggle with visual perception, impacting their ability to learn effectively. Fortunately, visual perceptual therapy can help improve these skills. This blog post will delve into the concept of visual perceptual therapy and how it can enhance visual perception skills in children.

visual perception, picture on a green, brown eye.

Understanding Visual Perception Skills

Before we delve into the benefits of visual perceptual therapy, it’s essential to understand what visual perception skills are. These are the brain’s ability to make sense of what the eyes see. It’s not about how clearly your child sees (which is vision), but how their brain interprets the information received from their eyes.

Visual perception skills include:

1. Visual Discrimination: The ability to notice detail in images or objects.
2. Visual Memory: The ability to remember what has been seen.
3. Visual-Spatial Relations: Understanding the spatial relationship between objects.
4. Visual Form Constancy: Recognizing that a shape or object remains constant even when it changes size or orientation.
5. Visual Sequential Memory: Remembering a sequence of visuals.
6. Figure-Ground Perception: Differentiating an object from its background.

Children with weak visual perception skills may struggle with tasks such as reading, writing, solving puzzles, sports activities, and even simple tasks like identifying similar shapes or colours.

What is Visual Perceptual Therapy?

Visual perceptual therapy is a form of treatment designed to improve a child’s visual perception skills. It involves various exercises that train the brain to interpret and understand visual information more effectively.

This therapy can be administered by occupational therapists, optometrists, or vision therapists who specialise in paediatric care. They use a range of tools and techniques, including specialised computer programmes, puzzles, and physical activities, to stimulate and enhance a child’s visual perception.

How Visual Perceptual Therapy Improves Visual Perception Skills

Visual perceptual therapy works by strengthening the neural connections between the eyes and the brain. Here’s how it can improve various visual perception skills in children:

1. Enhancing Visual Discrimination: Therapists use exercises like matching games or spot-the-difference activities to improve a child’s ability to notice detail in images or objects.

2. Boosting Visual Memory: Activities such as memory games help children remember what they have seen, enhancing their visual memory.

3. Improving Visual-Spatial Relations: Puzzles and building blocks can help children understand the spatial relationship between objects better.

4. Developing Visual Form Constancy: Therapists use shape-sorting games to help children recognise that shapes or objects remain constant even when they change size or orientation.

5. Strengthening Visual Sequential Memory: Sequencing activities can improve a child’s ability to remember a sequence of visuals.

6. Enhancing Figure-Ground Perception: Activities like hidden object games can help children differentiate an object from its background more effectively.

Colourful Wooden Puzzles, visual perception skills

Benefits of Improved Visual Perception Skills

Improving visual perception skills through therapy has numerous benefits for children:

1. Enhanced Academic Performance: Strong visual perception skills are crucial for reading, writing, and mathematics. Children with improved visual perception are likely to perform better academically.

2. Better coordination: These skills are also essential for physical activities like sports or even simple tasks like tying shoelaces.

3. Increased Confidence: Struggling with tasks that their peers find easy can be frustrating for children with weak visual perception skills. As their skills improve, so will their confidence.

4. Improved Quality of Life: Ultimately, enhancing these skills can significantly improve a child’s overall quality of life by making learning and everyday tasks easier.


Visual perceptual therapy is a powerful tool for improving visual perception skills in children. It offers a range of benefits, from enhanced academic performance to increased confidence and an improved quality of life. If you suspect your child may be struggling with visual perception, consider seeking professional advice to explore the potential benefits of visual perceptual therapy. Remember, early intervention is key to helping your child reach their full potential.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *