two boys balancing on wooden balance boards. DCD

Understanding Dyspraxia and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD)

Dyspraxia and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are conditions that affect a person’s ability to plan and coordinate their movements effectively. These conditions can affect both children and adults and manifest in a variety of ways.

What is Dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia, also known as Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), is a neurological condition that affects the planning and execution of voluntary movements. Individuals with Dyspraxia often struggle with tasks that require coordination, such as tying shoelaces, buttoning shirts, or even holding a pencil to write. It’s important to note that Dyspraxia is not related to intelligence; those affected usually have normal cognitive abilities.

Understanding Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD)

DCD, or Developmental Coordination Disorder, is a specific subset of Dyspraxia. It primarily affects motor skills and coordination. Children with DCD may have difficulty with activities like catching a ball, riding a bike, or navigating through crowded spaces. These challenges can lead to frustration and a lack of confidence.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs of Dyspraxia and DCD may vary from person to person, but some common indicators include:

1. Clumsiness and frequent falls.

2. Difficulty with fine motor skills like writing, drawing, and using utensils.

3. Challenges with gross motor skills such as running, jumping, and balancing.

4. Trouble with organising and planning tasks.

5. Struggles with spatial awareness and depth perception.

6. Poor hand-eye coordination.

Diagnosis and Support

Diagnosing Dyspraxia and DCD typically involves a Movement assessment by an occupational therapist, like myself. We evaluate motor skills, sensory processing, and functional abilities to determine the extent of the condition. Early diagnosis is essential for effective intervention. Once assessed, if it is found that you have significant difficulties with co-ordination, then you will be referred to a community paediatrician for further assessment / formal diagnosis.

Intervention and Therapy

Occupational therapy plays a crucial role in supporting individuals with Dyspraxia and DCD. Therapy sessions focus on improving motor skills, sensory integration, and developing strategies to overcome daily challenges. These interventions can significantly enhance an individual’s quality of life and independence.


Dyspraxia and DCD can present unique challenges, but with early diagnosis and the right support, individuals can learn to navigate the world with confidence. If you or your child are experiencing difficulties with coordination or motor skills, don’t hesitate to reach out for assessment and guidance from an occupational therapist like myself. We’re here to help you achieve your full potential.