Is loneliness a mere emotional state?

Loneliness, often dismissed as a mere emotional state, has far-reaching implications that extend beyond the realm of feelings. As an occupational therapist with a focus on holistic well-being, it’s crucial to recognise the tangible impact loneliness can have on the body. In this blog post, we’ll explore the various ways in which loneliness affects the body and offer practical strategies to foster connection.

Person Wearing Grey and Orange Hoodie Sitting on Brown Wooden Park Bench during Daytime. Fighting Loneliness Through Connection Strategies.

1. Physiological Impact of Loneliness:

Loneliness is not confined to the mind; it has profound effects on the body’s physiological processes. Chronic loneliness has been linked to elevated stress levels, triggering the release of stress hormones such as cortisol. This heightened state of stress can contribute to inflammation, which is a known precursor to various chronic illnesses. Furthermore, lonely individuals may experience disruptions in sleep patterns, weakening the immune system and making them more susceptible to illnesses.

Studies have also shown that loneliness can impact cardiovascular health. The heightened stress associated with loneliness may contribute to increased blood pressure, potentially leading to cardiovascular issues over time. The body’s response to social isolation involves a complex interplay of hormones and neurotransmitters, and these alterations can have cascading effects on overall health.

Heart from Wool Thread. Fighting Loneliness Through Connection Strategies

2. Strategies to Cultivate Connection:

As an occupational therapist committed to enhancing the well-being of individuals, it’s essential to offer practical solutions to alleviate loneliness. Encouraging social engagement is a cornerstone of addressing this pervasive issue.

  • Join community groups:
    Actively participating in community groups or clubs can provide a sense of belonging. Whether it’s a hobby club, a sports team, or a volunteer organisation, engaging in shared activities fosters connections and helps combat isolation.
  • Utilise technology for connection:
    In today’s digital age, technology offers valuable tools to connect with others. Encourage the use of video calls, social media, or online forums to maintain relationships, especially for individuals who may face physical barriers to in-person interactions.
  • Promote outdoor activities:
    Exposure to nature has been shown to have positive effects on mental well-being. Organising outdoor activities or group exercises not only promotes physical health but also provides opportunities for social interaction.
  • Support Group Initiatives:
    Facilitate the creation of support groups, particularly for individuals dealing with similar challenges. This can be particularly beneficial for those with conditions such as anxiety or sensory integration difficulties, fostering understanding and empathy.
Calm senior woman and teenage girl in casual clothes looking at each other and talking while eating cookies and cooking pastry in contemporary kitchen at home

Evidence-Based Approach:

It’s essential to ground these recommendations in scientific evidence. Numerous studies highlight the correlation between social connectedness and overall health. A meta-analysis published in the Journal of Health and Social Behaviour emphasised the protective effects of social relationships on mortality, underscoring the significance of interpersonal connections.

Additionally, research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrated that loneliness has a comparable impact on mortality as smoking or obesity. These findings underscore the urgency of addressing loneliness as a public health concern.

In conclusion, as an occupational therapist, recognising and addressing the physiological impact of loneliness is integral to promoting holistic well-being. By incorporating evidence-based strategies to foster connection, individuals can mitigate the adverse effects of loneliness on their bodies. Encouraging social engagement, utilising technology mindfully, and promoting outdoor activities are key components of a comprehensive approach to combat loneliness and enhance overall health.

Support and Advice to combat loneliness

Help and support for all ages.

Age UK (England)

0800 678 1602
Information and support for older people.

Befriending Networks
Information on befriending, including an online directory of UK befriending services.

British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP)
Professional body for talking therapy and counselling. Provides information and a list of accredited therapists.

Campaign Against Living Miserably (CALM)

0800 58 58 58
Provides listening services, information and support for anyone who needs to talk, including a web chat.

Carers UK

0808 808 7777
029 2081 1370 (Carers Wales)
Advice and support for anyone who provides care.

Directory of services and groups for people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender.

Cruse Bereavement Support

0808 808 1677
Information and support after a bereavement.

Empty Closets
Online community for anyone aged over 13 who identifies as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender, or is curious or unsure.


0808 802 0925
Advice and practical support for single parent families.

Hub of Hope
UK-wide mental health service database. Lets you search for local, national, peer, community, charity, private and NHS mental health support. You can filter results to find specific kinds of support.
Website that allows you to find face-to-face groups of people who share your interests or aspirations.

National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO)
Information about volunteering, including details of local centres.

Organises free, weekly, 5km timed runs across the UK.

Supports people throughout England and Wales to spend time walking outdoors, through its programmes and community. You can search for wellbeing walks near you.

Social activities for people over 75 who have little or no social support.

Provides help and support with relationships, including counselling and telephone support.


116 123 (freephone)

Samaritans are open 24/7 for anyone who needs to talk. You can visit some Samaritans branches in person. Samaritans also have a Welsh Language Line on 0808 164 0123 (7pm–11pm every day).


0808 800 3333
Practical information and emotional support for disabled people.

The Silver Line

0800 4 70 80 90
Provides support, information, friendship and advice for anyone aged over 55 who may feel lonely or isolated.

Social Farms & Gardens
Information on care farming and community growing projects, including a network of local farms.

Student Minds

0808 808 4994
Mental health charity that supports students. Runs Student Space, offering online information and helpline support delivered in partnership with The Mix.

Victim Support

0808 168 9111
Provides emotional and practical support for people affected by crime and traumatic events.

Volunteer by Do IT
Lists UK volunteering opportunities.

Volunteering Wales
Information about volunteering opportunities in Wales.

Web of Loneliness
Online community and website which provides information and tips on loneliness. Also allows users to share artwork and poetry.

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